Multiple vulnerabilities in QNAP TS-464 NAS devices

The advisories from ZDI-24-470 to ZDI-24-475 detail a series of vulnerabilities affecting QNAP TS-464 NAS devices, ranging from CRLF injection and SQL injection to improper certificate validation and file upload directory traversal. These vulnerabilities could allow remote attackers to make arbitrary configuration changes, execute code, escalate privileges, and create or delete files on affected devices. QNAP has issued updates to correct these vulnerabilities, highlighting the importance of applying security patches promptly to protect against potential exploits.

Read more Multiple vulnerabilities in QNAP TS-464 NAS devices

Multiple vulnerabilities in Cisco

Here’s a summary of the Cisco Security Advisories:

  1. Cisco AppDynamics Network Visibility Service DoS Vulnerability: An unauthenticated, local attacker could cause a denial of service (DoS) condition due to improper handling of unexpected input.
  2. Cisco Crosswork NSO Open Redirect Vulnerability: An unauthenticated, remote attacker could redirect a user to a malicious web page due to improper input validation of a parameter in an HTTP request.
  3. Cisco Crosswork NSO Privilege Escalation Vulnerability: An authenticated, local attacker could elevate privileges to root on an affected device because of a user-controlled search path used to locate executable files.
  4. Cisco Secure Client NAM Privilege Escalation Vulnerability: An unauthenticated attacker with physical access could elevate privileges to SYSTEM due to a lack of authentication on a specific function.
  5. Cisco Secure Email and Web Manager XSS Vulnerabilities: Multiple vulnerabilities could allow a remote attacker to conduct XSS attacks against users of the interface due to insufficient input validation.
  6. Cisco Secure Email Gateway HTTP Response Splitting Vulnerability: An unauthenticated, remote attacker could conduct an HTTP response splitting attack due to insufficient input validation of some parameters.
  7. Cisco Unified Communications Products API DoS Vulnerability: An unauthenticated, remote attacker could cause high CPU utilization and potentially impact access and call processing due to improper API authentication and incomplete validation of the API request.
Read more Multiple vulnerabilities in Cisco

D-Link – multiple vulnerabilities, some are 0-days

Here’s a summary of the vulnerabilities reported:

  • Remote Code Execution (RCE) Vulnerabilities:
    • D-Link D-View: Two vulnerabilities (ZDI-24-448, ZDI-24-450) allow remote code execution due to command injection and exposed dangerous methods. Both require authentication, which can be bypassed. CVSS rating: 8.8.
    • D-Link G416: Attackers can execute code on G416 routers without authentication (ZDI-24-446). CVSS rating: 8.8.
    • D-Link DIR-2150: The GetDeviceSettings feature in DIR-2150 routers is vulnerable to command injection by network-adjacent attackers without authentication (ZDI-24-442). CVSS rating: 8.8.
    • D-Link DIR-2640: A stack-based buffer overflow in DIR-2640-US routers allows RCE without authentication (ZDI-24-444). CVSS rating: 8.8.
    • D-Link D-View: Another vulnerability (ZDI-24-449) allows RCE through an exposed dangerous method with bypassable authentication. CVSS rating: 8.8.
  • Local Privilege Escalation:
    • D-Link Network Assistant: A vulnerability (ZDI-24-443) allows local attackers to escalate privileges by exploiting an uncontrolled search path element. Requires execution of low-privileged code. CVSS rating: 7.3.
  • Denial-of-Service (DoS):
    • D-Link DIR-3040: A memory leak in prog.cgi websSecurityHandler can be exploited by network-adjacent attackers to cause a DoS condition (ZDI-24-445). No authentication needed. CVSS rating: 4.3.
  • Authentication Bypass:
    • D-Link D-View: A vulnerability (ZDI-24-447) allows bypassing authentication using a hard-coded cryptographic key. No authentication needed for exploitation. CVSS rating: 9.8.

All vulnerabilities are marked as “0Day,” indicating they are previously unknown and unpatched. The CVSS ratings range from 4.3 to 9.8, reflecting the severity of the vulnerabilities. The higher the CVSS score, the more severe the vulnerability. It’s important for organizations using these D-Link products to be aware of these vulnerabilities and apply any available patches or mitigations provided by the vendor.

Read more D-Link – multiple vulnerabilities, some are 0-days

Vulnerabilities in Adobe Readed DC Software

Consolidated summary:

  • ZDI-24-424 & ZDI-24-425: Both vulnerabilities, identified as CVE-2024-30305 and CVE-2024-30303 respectively, have a CVSS score of 7.8 and affect Adobe Acrobat Reader DC. They allow remote code execution due to improper handling of AcroForms. Users must interact with a malicious page or file to trigger the flaw.
  • ZDI-24-427: Identified as CVE-2024-30306 with a CVSS score of 7.8, this vulnerability in Adobe Acrobat Reader DC allows remote code execution through an out-of-bounds read in AcroForms. User interaction is required.
Read more Vulnerabilities in Adobe Readed DC Software

Security flaws in Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software and Cisco Firepower Threat Defense (FTD)Security flaws in Cisco

We have three new vulnerabilities in Cisco.

  • One could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to cause the device to reload unexpectedly, resulting in a denial of service (DoS) condition.
  • One that could allow an authenticated, local attacker to execute arbitrary commands on the underlying operating system with root-level privileges. Administrator-level privileges are required to exploit this vulnerability.
  • And another one which could allow an authenticated, local attacker to execute arbitrary code with root-level privileges. Administrator-level privileges are required to exploit this vulnerability.
Read more Security flaws in Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software and Cisco Firepower Threat Defense (FTD)Security flaws in Cisco

Cisco IOS Software for Catalyst 6000 Series Switches Denial of Service Vulnerability

A vulnerability in Cisco IOS Software for Cisco Catalyst 6000 Series Switches could allow an unauthenticated, adjacent attacker to cause an affected device to reload unexpectedly.

This vulnerability is due to improper handling of process-switched traffic. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by sending crafted traffic to an affected device. A successful exploit could allow the attacker to cause the affected device to reload, resulting in a denial of service (DoS) condition.

Read more Cisco IOS Software for Catalyst 6000 Series Switches Denial of Service Vulnerability

Few vulnerabilities in Linux Kernel

  • ZDI-24-297: Linux Kernel nft_exthdr_sctp_eval Stack-based Buffer Overflow Information Disclosure Vulnerability
  • ZDI-24-298: Linux Kernel nft_exthdr_tcp_eval Stack-based Buffer Overflow Information Disclosure Vulnerability
  • ZDI-24-299: Linux Kernel nft_exthdr_ipv6_eval Stack-based Buffer Overflow Information Disclosure Vulnerability
Read more Few vulnerabilities in Linux Kernel

Multiple advisoried for Siemens systems

  • Siemens SINEMA Remote Connect Server
  • Siemens SIMATIC
  • Siemens SENTRON
  • Siemens Solid Edge
  • Siemens RUGGEDCOM APE1808
  • Siemens Sinteso EN Cerberus PRO EN Fire Protection Systems
  • Siemens SINEMA Remote Connect Client
  • Siemens SENTRON 7KM PAC3x20
  • Siemens SCALANCE XB-200/XC-200/XP-200/XF-200BA/XR-300WG Family
Read more Multiple advisoried for Siemens systems

Multiple advisories in March 2024 release of the Cisco IOS XR Software Security Advisory Bundled Publication

  • Cisco IOS XR Software SSH Privilege Escalation Vulnerability (Security Impact Rating: High)
  • Cisco IOS XR Software DHCP Version 4 Server Denial of Service Vulnerability (Security Impact Rating: Medium)
  • Cisco IOS XR Software SNMP Management Plane Protection ACL Bypass Vulnerability (Security Impact Rating: Medium)
  • Cisco IOS XR Software Layer 2 Services Denial of Service Vulnerability (Security Impact Rating: High)
  • Cisco IOS XR Software MPLS and Pseudowire Interfaces Access Control List Bypass Vulnerabilities (Security Impact Rating: Medium)
  • Cisco IOS XR Software Authenticated CLI Secure Copy Protocol and SFTP Denial of Service Vulnerability (Security Impact Rating: Medium)
  • Cisco IOS XR Software for ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Routers PPPoE Denial of Service Vulnerability (Security Impact Rating: High)
Read more Multiple advisories in March 2024 release of the Cisco IOS XR Software Security Advisory Bundled Publication